Q&A: 11-week-old and self-soothing

ValleyGal, like, writes:

"So I know Sleep Week is over, but I have a sleep questionanyway.  How do you “encourage” a child to develop better self-soothing skills?  My 11 week old son is only able to self-soothe to sleep in two places: his swing (after some fussing) and in my bed.  Now, I know that most people would consider that an accomplishment and let him nap in the swing (which I often do) and co-sleep (again, often done).  But, while he sleeps like an angel when he co-sleeps, I don’t.  I barely get any sleep.  So, I don’t want to co-sleep as a general practice.  He will happily sleep in his crib, but will only allow me to put him down when he’s in a deep deep DEEP sleep.  Which is fine, except now I’m so exhausted that I fall asleep in the rocking chair and end up spending half the night in the chair (getting painful, crappy sleep) and half the night in the bed (also getting crappy, but less painful sleep).  I know crappy sleep is better than no sleep and I know that at some point, he’ll be able to be put down either awake or drowsy or mostly asleep, but I’m looking for help in getting him there.  Neither one of us is ready for CIO, so that’s not an option (although I am okay with FIO (fuss it out)).   

What can I do to help him develop self-soothing skills?  Am I doomed to several more months of this and then a CIO battle at 4 or 6 months?  Do I need to let him stay awake longer/shorter before we start the soothing process?  Put him on a strict schedule?  Find the magic gadget that works for my kid (crib thingie, sound thingie, etc.)?  Am I just an anxious over-tired first time mother who doesn’t know how good she has it?  Help!"

It is my opinion that almost nothing you do has any lasting effect on how your kid sleeps.

I base this opinion on the fact that at any given age, a huge number of babies will be displaying the same sleep "issues" (sorry for taking you back to 1992 with the lingo), no matter what their parents have done or are doing with regards to sleep. Most 4-month-olds are sleeping poorly whether they're in their parents' beds or in co-sleepers or in cribs in their own rooms, and I assume kids who sleep on animal skins or tatami mats or in hammocks still have the same disrupted sleep around that time, too. My friends who did CIO (or FIO, or even SIO) and had kids who slept all night at 5 or 6 months found that the sleep crept back into a few wakings, or problems going down to sleep, within a few months. And remember how thrilled I was that the flax seed oil supplements I took made El Pequeño sleep for 7 hours at a stretch during his first few months of life? Well, not even the super-powers of Omega 3 supplementation* could save me from the 8-9-month sleep regression. Talk to the mother of any 18-month-old, and she'll say either a) "He was sleeping through the night with no problems and now all of a sudden he's waking up 3 times a night!" or b) "He never slept through the night and now all of a sudden he's sleeping through even though we didn't do anything differently!" There are just crappy times for sleep that have nothing to do with the parents at all.

So I think, basically, the way your kid sleeps is a function mostly of your child's sleep personality, and also of your child's age.

Knowing that, I think the way you can "teach" your child to self-soothe is just to bide your time. Because the older a child gets, the better able s/he will be to soothe himself or herself to sleep. A little baby has no knowledge of the world and also no sense of time, so there's really no way a baby that small can understand that you're in the other room but are still in the world. For a small baby, if you're not there, you don't exist, and s/he's alone in the world. Some kids are extremely bothered by that and will cry and cry, but others don't seem to mind being alone. In a few months, though, those babies will have learned to trust that you are there, that you'll come when they need you, and they'll be able to determine when things aren't bad (they just wake up between sleep cycles and can go right back to sleep on their own), or when something's so bad that they need you (like a nightmare or hunger, which makes them cry to get you to come).

Because kids are all different, you're going to have to really pay attention to how your child is and what he needs. There are some kids who just always need to be nursed or rocked to sleep. For months and months and months, until you think you've made a huge error in rocking them in the first place because now they're dependent on it. But then one day, the kid just won't need to be rocked to sleep anymore and will go to sleep happily and without incident. Other kids seem to need to fuss to sleep, others need to be left alone to go to sleep (I was one of those, apparently), others need some kind of music to help them get to sleep, etc. until one day it doesn't seem to matter and they go to sleep on their own. None of us had to take our mothers with us to college, after all.

I really think it's important to listen to your child and figure out what s/he needs, and not listen to anyone who's trying to sell you on a one-size-fits-all method. Especially if that expert is predicting all kinds of gloom and doom about what will happen if you don't "teach" your child to self-soothe by doing CIO. How, exactly, does crying it out teach a child to soothe him- or herself? All it teaches is not to bother crying for you because you won't come. It's effective in taking you out of the loop of night-wakings, but it certainly isn't teaching your child to self-soothe--it's actually creating anxiety in the child. (Note that I'm not talking about "fuss it out," which some kids seem to need to do to wind down, or the thing you do when you go in every 5 minutes to soothe, which seems more like sleep training the parents to me, but seems to work for some people.)

(I'm also highly suspicious of any expert that claims a baby needs to learn to go down awake and get himself or herself to sleep within the first few months. Why, exactly? Kids who are rocked or nursed down to sleep all learn to go down by themselves anyway, so who cares if they can go down awake by a certain number of months? Given the choice between rocking to sleep for 15 minutes and knowing my baby will definitely fall asleep, or struggling for 45 minutes to get my kid to go down awake with no guarantee the baby will actually fall asleep, it seems like the "going down awake" plan is the clear loser. But people believe the predictions of disaster that their child will "have problems" if they don't get them to go down awake. I call bullshit. It seems like something designed to create guilt and feelings of inadequacy in the parents, who will then run out to buy more books from that author. Follow the money...)

(Oh, and I'm also suspicious of any expert who says that all babies need to co-sleep for any set period of time. We're a co-sleeping family, and I think anyone who has their kid in a separate room for the first few months is a little crazy because they're creating a bunch of extra work for themselves in the middle of the night, and who needs extra work in the middle of the night? But it's asinine to think that all babies need or want to sleep with their parents for any set amount of time. If your baby sleeps better alone, then you're not compromising anything by having separate sleep space. Your baby will give you cues about when it's time to move to another bed, so pay attention and it'll be an easier transition than you anticipate.)

So, this has been my long-winded and highly opinionated way of saying your baby is totally normal. Very few 11-week-olds can be put down without being in a super-deep sleep. None of them can truly self-soothe (although some of them don't seem to mind being alone, so they don't fuss, so people think they're self-soothing). And it's so normal to feel trapped and at the end of your rope at this point in your child's life.

It will get better even if you do nothing. But it's just too demoralizing to do nothing, so here are a few tricks you could try to rearrange things more to your liking:

  • Borrow a co-sleeper or take off one side of the crib and tie it to your bed to be a sidecar. Then nurse the baby to sleep and gently roll him into the cosleeper/crib when he's asleep. Or, if your boobs are big enough, put him in the cosleeper/crib and then nurse him to sleep (on your side, boob sticking into the sidecar), then sneak out of bed yourself.
  • Get a musical lovey, like a stuffed animal with a music box in it. At a time of day when he goes to sleep easily (maybe the first nap of the day if he's taking regular naps yet--snort, or going to sleep at night), put the lovey with the music going snuggled in with the two of you while you nurse him to sleep. After a few weeks of this, after you nurse him, when you do the transfer to the crib, wind up the lovey and put it right next to him as you do the transfer, so he gets soothed back to sleep before he really wakes up all the way.
  • Do the same thing with a non-musical lovey, although I think the effect will be stronger with the addition of music.
  • Start doing a solid routine at night. Bath, jammies, books, nurse to sleep. The same exact sequence every night, starting at the same time. In a week or two he'll start to anticipate it and it will be easier to get him to sleep once you hit that point in the routine. This is probably your best bet, and is definitely the one thing I'd recommend to anyone, even if their child sleeps well generally.
  • Associate words with actions. Every time you latch him on, say clearly "nurse" (or whatever word you use for it). When it's time to go to sleep, say "sleep." When you put him in the bath say "bath." In a few days or so he'll start to put it together, and he'll get the predictability of it. And if he's cranky you can ask using the word, and he can tell you what he wants by responding.
  • Start watching him like a hawk during the day to see if he's doing anything like the 2-3-4 nap pattern. If he is, run with it, because the more regular the naps are, the easier all his sleep will be. Of course, it's usually easier to get naps into place once the nighttime sleep is more regular, but it's worth a shot.

You'll notice that none of these things are instant fixes, but most of them are things that will end up helping you communicate better with your son. That's the big payoff, because once you've got that strong communication going, everything will be easier for both of you. Less crying, better sleeping, more laughing. For both of you.

*For those of you who have been asking for details of flax seed oil supplementation for pregnancy, I'm working on a post about it as you read this, and will get it up soon.